The many private, regional and national reserves attest to the uniqueness of this area. This part of the Overberg has a very rich and varied fynbos and wildlife. Three major different kinds of fynbos are to be found within a small area.Elim Fynbos:
The vegetation of the Elim fynbos is confined to the Southern Overberg. The historic town of Elim and the Geelkop Nature Reserve lie in the middle of this unique vegetation. Many endemics are to be found here.
The limestone fynbos is a vegetation type that is restricted to the limestone outcrops which stretch from the Gansbaai in the west to Gouritz River in the east. The Bredasdorp district lies in the centre of the endemic-rich vegetation. Mimetes saxatilis but one of these endemics. This vegetation includes approximately 110 plant species which are only found on these outcrops.
Acid sand fynbos:
There are a number of rare endemics which can be found in this more common fynbos vegetation type. Many orchids can also be seen.
Renosterveld, a non-fynbos vegetation also occurs sporadically in the area.
De Hoop Nature Reserve: Consists largely of limestone fynbos, but Potberg has unique vegetation much of which is endemic due tot he fact that it is an island of acid soil surrounded by limestone. The most southern breeding colony of of the Cape Vulture is in the reserve and as many as 233 species of bird can be seen in the reserve. Whale watching at Koppie-Alleen is an added attraction.
Heuningberg Nature Reserve: The beautiful endemic Bredasdorp lily, Cyrtanthus guthrieae, can only be found in this Reserve and in a small area adjacent to the reserve. Many paths and hiking trails take one through a vast array of spectacular fynbos. Breath-taking views of the Overberg can be seen from the top.
Geelkop Nature Reserve: Beautiful examples of Elim fynbos can be seen in this new reserve.
De Mond Nature Reserve: This coastal reserve encompasses some of the most pristine beaches and good examples of dune fynbos can be viewed here. An excellent birding site.